Chủ đề Describe A Good Law In Your Country là chủ đề thường xuyên xuất hiện trong bài thi IELTS Speaking part 2. Và cũng một trong những câu hỏi khá khó nếu bạn không nắm rõ được các điều luật ở Việt Nam. Do vậy trong bài viết ngày hôm nay, RES sẽ giới thiệu cho bạn một số từ vựng, cấu trúc và bài mẫu cho dạng đề Describe A Good Law In Your Country. Cùng tìm hiểu nhé!
Từ vựng chủ đề Law
- Set of laws and orders: Bộ luật
- Public safety: An toàn công cộng
- Sport betting: Cá cược thể thao
- Oversight, supervision: Sự quản lý
- A bill: điều/bộ luật dự thảo
- Legalize (v): Hợp pháp hóa
- Illegal (a): bất hợp pháp
- Enact (v): Ban hành
- Licensed: Có giấy phép
- Regulations: Điều lệ
- Gamblers: Con bạc
- Bookmakers: Nhà cái
- Transparency: Sự rõ ràng
- Revenue: Doanh thu
- Betterment: Sự cải thiện
- Public safety and a wealthy society: sự an toàn của cộng đồng và 1 xã hội thịnh vượng
- Civilian (n) /sɪˈvɪl.jən/ – a person who is not a member of the police or the armed forces (người dân)
- Discourage (v) /dɪˈskʌr.ɪdʒ/ = prevent: ngăn chặn
- An avid news reader: 1 người mê đọc tin tức
- Police force – lực lượng cảnh sát
- A chaotic society – 1 xã hội hỗn loạn
- Law-abiding: someone who obeys the law: người tuân thủ luật pháp
- Abide by = obey = follow = comply with = oblige to: tuân thủ
- Break the rule = breach (v) (a contract): phá luật/hợp đồng
- Victim: nạn nhân
- Defendant: người bị kiện
- Offender: người vi phạm pháp luật
- Witness: nhân chứng
- Commit a crime (v): phạm tội
- Criminal (n): tội phạm
- Be charged with = be accused of: bị buộc tội gì đó
- Arrest (v): bắt giữ
- Rehabilitate (v): cải tạo
- Release (v): thả, không giam giữ
- Fine (v,n): hình phạt tiền
- Custodial sentence: hình phạt giam giữ
- Imprisonment: sự bỏ tù
- Capital punishment: hình phạt tử hình
- Lenient on (a): nương tay
- Enforce (v): thực thi
- Implement (v): ban hành (luật)
- Impose (v): áp đặt (luật pháp lên…)
Một số cấu trúc chủ đề Law
- Of all the current laws and orders in …………. I’m particularly appreciative of: Trong các bộ luật hiện hành, tôi đặc biệt đánh giá cao….
- I actually came to know about this law: Tôi có biết về luật này….
- I personally feel this law is extremely important as….- tôi cảm thấy luật này cực kì quan trọng vì nó….
- To be so grateful that – thực sự thấy biết ơn rằng
- This law gives the rights for citizen to: Điều luật này cho phép công dân được quyền…
- This law brings about lots of benefits for both the citizens and the government: Điều luật này mang lại rất nhiều lợi ích cho cả công dân lẫn chính phủ.
Đề bài ” Describe a good law in your country” đã được ra khá là nhiều lần trong năm 2018.
You should say:
- What is the law
- How you came to know about this law
- Whom does it affect
- Why is it good
You should say:
- What it is
- How you know about it
- What people think about this law
- and explain why you think that it is a good law.
CÁCH TRẢ LỜI CÂU HỎI VỚI CÔNG THỨC A.R.A.E
Well to be completely honest, I don’t know the first thing about any law specifically, but if I have to think about one, I think it would be the restriction on cellphone use while driving in my country. You know, answering phone calls or texting while driving or riding motorbikes is a common sight in Vietnam therefore the government has decided to impose this restriction. Under this regulation, drivers using handheld phones while driving motorbikes have to pay a fine of 600 to 800,000 VND. They also have their driving licenses revoked for 3 months. If a violator causes a fatal accident, they will face criminal charges.
In my opinion I think this regulation is absolutely reasonable because with technology growing rapidly, cell phone becomes more dangerous as it jeopardises people’s life.
Drivers who use cell phone to text are most likely to look over their phones than the road and can take away a life in the blink of an eye. Therefore they fail to concentrate and reduce their vision of the road ahead.
In fact, there was this deadly (=fatal) accident in Hanoi’s Bac Tu Liem. It happened because a truck driver was talking a phone while driving and ran into a motorbike, killing a woman and her son right on the spot. (=immediately)
Và có rất nhiều ý kiến trái chiều cho rằng, sử dụng điện thoại không cần dùng tay.
There are also some people argue that hands-free mobile phone is not dangerous because people can drive using both of their hands. This may even worsen the situation by suggesting that the behavior is safe.
When a car swerves unexpectedly or pedestrians step into traffic, and the mind lacks the processing power to react on time.
SAMPLE 1: Describe a good law in your country.
- surrogacy: mang thai hộ
- not been taken effect yet: chưa có hiệu lực
- humanitarian purpose: mục đích nhân đạo
- legal frame: khung pháp lý
- violations: sự vi phạm
- artificial insemination: thụ tinh nhân tạo
- costs a fortune: tiêu tốn nhiều tiền
- humane (a): tính nhân văn
- progressively legislative: tiên tiến về tính lập pháp
- pave the way for (v): trải đường cho/chuẩn bị cho
1. Do you think laws are acceptable to the people? Why is that?
Answer: I think that most people, by and large, are ready to accept any laws primarily because they are law-abiding citizens, and they respect the laws. Then, of course, some people accept the laws because they are “afraid” of the consequences of violating the laws. Besides, since most people are law-abiding citizens, because of the good education and upbringing they receive, they fully understand that without the rule of laws, anarchy, chaos and criminal behaviour will come to “consume” the entire society and country, which will keep nobody safe. Therefore, whether they like it or not, they accept the laws.
2. Is there any situation wherein people may disobey some laws? Why is so?
Answer: Basically, there are two different kinds of situations wherein people may disobey the laws. First, if a situation comes when a person is not able to meet his/her basic needs, such as food and medicines, in order to survive, the chances are really high that he or she will disobey some laws, no matter how harsh the punishment is. Secondly, if a person feels that some laws are falling short of ensuring “justice” on a continuous basis, in the name of ensuring some “vague rule of laws”, it is only to be expected that people will disobey those laws. Interestingly, some people violate laws just because they do not know them or take the laws very lightly.
3. Do people like being a police officer in your country?Why/why not?
Answer: No, I don’t really think that people in my country exactly like to become police officer primarily because they know that they won’t be able to do their jobs in a professional manner due to the political pressure from the top. They don’t like this police job also because police force in my country is way too much “stretched” and “ill-equipped” to deal with the regular law and order situations, let alone facing the bigger “security threats”. Finally, police forces in my country don’t exactly receive a good salary package, for the very demanding service they provide to their country, which would encourage the people to become a police officer.
4. What qualities should a good police officer possess?
Answer: Just like any other professional, a police officer should also be honest, punctual, hard-working, well-educated, intelligent and helpful. However, in addition to those qualities, I just mentioned above, one has to be really tough, both physically and mentally, in order to maintain the law and order of the land effectively and efficiently, if someone wants to be considered a good police officer. Finally, one also has to be really patient, brave and “unbiased”, in order to become a good police officer, so that he can act “prudently” in a tricky security situation which threatens the lives of innocent people.
5. Should people be penalised when they use mobile phones while driving?
Answer: Yes, I think that people should be “penalized” for using mobile phones while driving because this particular habit clearly threats the ‘road safety and security’ issues. In fact, according to the National Safety Council (USA), cell phone use, while driving, leads to 1.6 million crashes each year. Besides, nearly 390,000 injuries occur each year from accidents caused by texting while driving also. Finally, 1 out of every 4 car accidents in the United States is caused by texting and driving. Now, if these statistics are not enough to scare the “unruly” drivers, then the only thing left to do is to “punish or penalize” them for their dangerous habit of using mobile phones while driving.
6. What laws should be introduced so that people do not violate traffic rules? Why do you think so?
Answer: Traffic laws that force people to pay hefty fines for violating traffic rules can be a good start. But, for serious violations, there should also be such laws that cancel the car registration, driving licenses and then take them to prison for a long term punishment. Finally, there should also be some provisions in the laws that will force the traffic rule violators to help the “injured and suffering persons” until they are ‘reasonably’ recovered from the wounds/damages of the accidents. I think that these kinds of laws will work to a large extent because they will make people pay “heavily” for their ‘irresponsible and criminal behaviour’.
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