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Tổng hợp các đề thi chuyên tiếng anh Hà Nội và Tp HCM 2017 – 2020

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Kỳ thi lên lớp 10 là một cột mốc quan trọng trong cuộc đời đi học của học sinh. Đối với những học sinh có mong muốn vào được các trường Chuyên, việc ôn luyện còn khó khăn, gian nan hơn rất nhiều. Hôm nay RES xin gửi đến các bạn bộ đề thi Chuyên tiếng Anh ở Hà Nội, TP HCM nhé!

PART B. CHOOSE THE WORD OR PHRASE THAT FITS EACH SPACE IN THE FOLLOING PASSAGE.

   In recent years, ready-made meals have (1)…….Britain’s eating (2)……. . Britons now spend four times as much

as the Italians on ready-made meah and six bmes more than the Spannh. (3)……..for instant meats has increased across Europe as a (4)………but why has Britain become the (5)…….European capital of ready-made food, second only in the world to America?

    Convenience is (6)……..of the attraction. A recent survey (7)…….that 77 percent of purchasers said they only

bought ready meals when they did not have time to cook. Dr Susan Jebb, head of nutrition at the Medical Research Council, said: “People in the UK work the longest hours, we are very time-poor, and we don’t have a strong (8)……..history of cooking,’

   The ready-made meal boom also reflects changing social (9)……..in Britain. More people live alone and so are less likely to be (10)……..to cook. And with families eating together less often, ready mealsh allow people to eat what they want when they want. Juliaa Michna, of Marks and Spencer, says that ready meals also reflect changing (11)…….infood. ‘Brian’s multicururalism has brought a (12)……..range of restaurants than other European countries, and ethnic cuisines, which people are often scared of cooking from (13)…….are (14)…….more popular. One quarter of (15)……… meals are Indian, and nearly one in five are Chinese.

1. A. amended             B. adjusted                  C. transferred              D. transformed

2. A. ways                   B. forms                      C. habits                      D. manners

3. A. Request              B. Order                      C. Demand                  D. Charge

4. A. conclusion          B. total                        C. resuR                      D. whole

5. A. unclaimed          B. unclassified            C undefeated               D. undisputed

6. A. element              B. piece                       C. part                         D. share

7. A. found                  B. made                       C. put                          D. gave

8. A. tradtonai             B. cultural                   C. modern                   D. customary

9. A. trends                 B. temptations             C. drifts                       D. movements

10. A. offended           B. bothered                 C. worried                   D. disturbed

11. A. desires              B likings                     C. tastes                      D. washes

12. A. longer               B. deeper                     C. harder                     D. wider

13. A. scratch              B. beginning               C. memory                  D. nowhere

14. A very                   B. lot                           C. far                           D. such

15. A. chilled              B. decent                     C. meager                    D. junk

II. READING.

PART A.  READ THE PASSAGE AND CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWERS TO THE QUESTIONS.

   The radical change in the land’s surface that results when rural areas are transformed into cities is a significant cause of the rise in temperature in cities that is known as urban heat island.

   First, the tall buildings and the concrete and asphalt of the city absorb and store greater quantities of solar radiation than do the vegetation and soil typical of rural areas.

   In addtton, because the concrete and asphalt are impermeable, the runoff of water fdowing a rain is rapid, resulting in a severe reduction in the evaporation rate. So heat that once would have been used convert liquid water to a gas goes instead to increase the surface temperature further.

   At night, although both city and countryside cool through radiation losses, the stone-1ike surface of the city gradually releases the additional heat accumulated during the day, keeping the urban air warmer than that of the outlying areas.

   Part of the urban temperature rise must also be attributed to waste heat from such sources as home heating and air conditioning, power generation, industry, and transportation. Many studies have shown that the magnitude of human-made energy in metropolitan areas is equal to a significant percentage of the energy received from the Sun at the surface.

   Investigations in Sheffield, England, and Berlin showed that the annual heat production in these cities was equal to approximately one-third of that received from solar radiation. Another study of the densely built-up Manhattan section of New York City revealed that during the winter, the quantity of heat produced from combustion alone was two and one-half times greater than the amount of solar energy reaching the ground. In summer, the figure dropped to one-sixth.

   It is interesting to note that during the summer there is a mutual reinforcement between the higher nighttime temperatures of the city and the human-made heat that helped create them. That is, the higher temperatures result in the increased use of air-conditioners, which, in turn, use energy and further increase the amount of urban heat. During the winter the nighttime warmth of urban areas, produced in large part by heavy energy consumption, is beneficial because less energy needed to heat buildings.

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

A. The loss of farmland to urban development

B. The causes of increased heat in cities

C. Waste heat generated by home heating and air conditioning

D. How seasonal change affects the temperature of cities

2. All of the following contribute to the urban heat island effect EXCEPT……

A. absorption of heat from the Sun

B. storage of heat from the Sun

C. an increased rate of evaporation after a rainfall

D. the release of heat at night from city surfaces

3. The word “convert” in the passage is closest in meaning to……

A. reverse                    B. transform                C. reduce                                 D. compare

4. The word “that” in the passage refers to……

A. city                         B. heat                         C. day                                      D. air

5. In which of the following locations would the rate of evaporation probably be highest?

A. A rural area            B. A small town          C. A medium-sized city          D. A big city

6. The word “magnitude’ in the passage is closest in meaning to…..

A. calculation              B. comprehension       C. extent                                  D. formation

7. The author mentions Manhattan to order to demonstrate that…..

A. heat in urban areas can be reduced

B. the conclusions of the investigation in Sheffield were wrong

C. its heat production is smaller than that of Berlin

D. human-made heat can exceed the solar energy that reaches the ground inwinter

8. According to the passage, on important consequence of the use of air-conddroners at night is……

A. greater energy costs                                   B. higher levels of urban heat

C. senous problems with the energy supply   D. less need for air conditioning in the morning

9. The word “beneficial” in the passage is closest in meaning to……

A. predictable             B. powerful                 C. hazardous                           D. advantageous

10. Which of the following is true about cities at night in the winter?

A. Solar energy has an increased impact on the urban heat island.

B. They tend to be colder than rural areas.

C. Less energy is required to heat buildings

D. Human-made energy created a larger area of total heat than solar energy.

PART B: REARRANGE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES SO THAT THEY MAKE A MEANINGFUL REVIEW OF A COMPUTER GAME.

A A selection of viewpoints, including a breakneck ‘biker’s eye view’ are offered. This game will push your skills and patience to the limit. (5)

B. There are 10 tracks, of which three are available at the outset. Only by scoring gold in both classes on all of these can you gain access to the next three, and so on. (3)

C. Wonder Racer succeeds in bringing the body breaking speed of time-trial biking to the PC, but its difficulty may leave you shaking. The approach is simple and unsophisticated. (1)

D. The courses are a fictitious mix of country lanes, exotic beaches and snowy mountain passes. The 3-0 is excellent in its speed, smoothness and level of detail. (4)

E. There are only three controls, far fewer than in many other modem games. Players start by selecting one of sixteen riders, from a set of teams. (2)

PART C. SUPPLY EACH BLANK WITH ONE SUITABLE WORD.

PASSAGE I

   It is forecast that we can look forward to working (1)…….hours in the future, but it is necessary for health and tranquility to work a certain (2)……..of hours per week, ideally doing a variety of jobs – something schools have always known. It may be that house building will meet this need. It is a very basic human instinct. Gardening is a related activity. It is already (3)……to cultivate many hurts and vegetables than to buy them in the shops and the house of the next decade should take this into (4)……….

   (5)…….. important question is that of energy conservation. The proportion of income (6)…….on keeping warm is steadily going up, and, with the cost of energy likely to double in real terms during the next ten years or (7)……..many large bady-insulated old houses will become extremely expensive to use. The demand will be (8)…….. small, well-insulated homes located in warm protected areas and making the best (9)…….. of the sun’s warmth. Efficient heating units will be of prime importance. At (10)……., we waste a lot of space in planning rooms which are awkward to use.

(1)………………………….. (2)………………………….. (3)……………………………(4)………………………. (5)…………………………..

(6)………………………….. (7)………………………….. (8)………………………….. (9)……………………… (10)………………………….

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